This is a Working Example of our Forecasts
Registered users can produce their own business forecasts in minutes; exactly as is shown here.

Report name: Sample Forecast

How the Profit and Loss Forecast is Calculated

This example demonstrates how Figurewizard calculates and displays operating, pre-tax and net profit forecasts simply using your proposed  figures.

forecast for year beginning the 1st.May 2017May 2018May 2019
 add: Delivery / Service Charges37,50041,25055,000
 Total Sales1,537,5001,691,2502,255,000
 less: Cost of Goods Sold885,000973,5001,298,000
 Gross Profit Cfwd652,500717,750957,000
 Wages NI and Pensions300,000310,000330,000
 Administrative Overheads105,800127,200145,500
 Selling Overheads136,381156,500203,567
 Operating Overheads and Expenses553,057611,243699,357

Operating Profit

 less: Interest Charges5,0627,4695,394
 add: Exceptional Item (Profit on Asset Sales)000

Pre-Tax Profit for the Year

 less: Corporation Tax13,61318,49546,671
 Net Profit Cfwd80,76880,543205,578
 Corporation Tax % of Pre Tax Profit14.4%18.7%18.5%

How to Calculate the Profit and Loss Forecast

This is a working example of the profit and loss forecast Figurewizard produces using nothing more than your predicted figures for sales, gross profit margin, overheads and so on plus a few simple ratios.

It illustrates the four steps towards calculating a business's return on investment. These are:

  • Gross Profit
  • Operating Profit
  • Pre-Tax profit
  • Net Profit After Tax

A fifth and final recorded profi is the taxable profit , which is calculated separately. That is explained below.

The Operating Profit Forecast

All four profit forecasts calculated by Figurewizard matter but the operating profit forecast is the one that matters the most. It represents the profit expected to arise from core trading activity (operations) and nothing else.

Profits (or losses) from the sale of fixed assets or other investments are "exceptional items" unconnected with core trading activity, so are not added to the profit and loss or net income forecast until after operating profit has been calculated.

How to Improve Profit from Fixed Overheads

Using the What-If Calculator fixed overheads plus wages (total £430,000) are reduced by steps of 5% profit, cash and equity improve as follows:

Year 1 less: Fixed OH + Wages Pre - Tax Profits Working Capital (Liquidity) Operating Cash Flow Bank: Year End
0% 430,000 94,381 63,022 12,208 -35,439
5% 408,500 116,779 81,165 33,488 -13,261
10% 387,000 138,712 98,931 54,768 8,452

How to Improve Profit from Fixed and Variable Overheads

Again using the What-If calculator fixed overheads are reduced by steps of 5% and bad debts and shipping by 0.25% each of sales to improve profit, cash and equity

Shipping and Bad Debts Fixed OH + Wages Pre - Tax Profits Working Capital (Liquidity) Operating Cash Flow Bank: Year-End
7.0% 430,000 94,381 63,022 12,208 -35,439
6.5% 408,500 124,514 87,430 40,896 -5,698
6.0% 387,000 154,015 111,326 69,584 23,410

These examples of improved profits, liquidity, cash and debt using the What-If Calculator may seem remarkable but for any business that gets its budgets and therefore its forecasts right they are entirely feasible.

Forecast Profits and Cash Flow Deficits

Profits in a business plan depend on an uninterrupted supply of goods and services, delivered as and when they are needed.

Nothing is more likely to create such interruptions than cash flow deficits. Even a single month's shortage of cash can result in interruptions to supply, a loss of confidence among suppliers and serious consequences for your profit forecast.

Financial Fees and Interest Charges

Fees associated with financing such as bank, charge card or invoice financing service charges are chargeable to operating profit: Interest charges are not.

Interest charges a tax-deductible charge to both the forecast net profit and the foreast taxable profit but because they are solely concerned with servicing external debt they are not charged until after the operating profit has been calculated.

How the Taxable Profit is Calculated

Net pre-tax profit only serves as the basis for the calculation of the forecast taxable profit. HMRC then requires it to be adjusted to take account of capital allowances and non-deductible overheads.

In the UK the substitution of capital allowances for depreciation of fixed assets is usually the principal adjustment when calculating the taxable profit. Entertainment expenses, fines and provisions such as for bad debts or depreciation, which do not involve cash transfers are not tax deductible : These are added back to the taxable profit.

Marginal relief for net profit (net income) below £1.5 million no longer applies as the standard corporation tax rate is now the same for profits of all sizes.

Forecast Taxed Profit and Equity

Retained profits after tax is that which is available for distribution of dividends. It is variously referred to in the balance sheet as reserves or shareholders funds forming part of the equity or net worth of the company.

Working with this Profit Forecast

What you see here is an example of Figurewizard's profit and loss forecast. It is automatically created by our system using nothing but your own forecast figures for sales, margin, overheads and investment.

Beyond those figures no further intervention is called for as everything, including VAT transactions and corporation tax are calculated and applied to all forecasts simply from those information you will have provided.

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