This is a Working Example of our Forecasts
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Report name: Sample Forecast

How Forecast Assets and Liabilities are Calculated

This is a working example of how your forecast analysis of assets and liabilities, including working capital and net assets are calculated.

forecast for year beginning the 1st.May 2017May 2018May 2019
 Fixed assets
 Main Pool Assets28,87334,87142,958
 Company Cars27,75119,21034,832
 Total Fixed Assets56,62454,08177,791
 Current Assets
 Stock / Inventory125,000150,000170,000
 Sales Ledger86,09293,178146,549
 Dr / Cr Card Balance000
 Prepaid Letters of Credit000
 Vat Refundable000
 Cash at Bank014,300183,993
 Factoring CR. Balance000

Asset Finance Interest in Suspense

 Loan Interest in Suspense000
 Total Current Assets217,675261,733506,750
 Current Liabilities
 Trade Creditors60,82160,19576,752
 Sundry Creditors13,42817,38121,374

Vat Payable

 Hire Purchase21,35017,86521,333
 Bank Overdraft35,43900
 Factoring Dr. Balance000
 Corporation tax Due13,61318,49546,671

Asset Finance Interest in Suspense

 Loan Interest in Suspense000

Dividends Payable

 Total Current Liabilities154,652125,407181,003
 Long Term Liabilities

Asset Financing


Asset Finance Interest in Suspense

 Loan Interest in Suspense000
 Total Long Term Liabilities13,8784,09511,648

Net Current Assets (Working Capital)

 Net Assets105,768186,311391,890

Fixed Asset Values

Figurewizard automatically calculates and applies depreciation at the average rate you will have selected to arrive at the written down net book value of fixed assets.

There are also a written down tax values for the cost of fixed assets (exclusive of VAT) after capital allowances have been deducted. Capital allowances for company cars are much lower: These are only items entered into Figurewizard calculated including VAT because the tax cannot be set off as input tax.

Examples showing how capital allowances are calculated and applied for the assets shown here can be seen in the corporation tax forecast. The allowances for main pool (fixtures, fittings, plant commercial vehicles and so on) are usually 100% for the year of acquisition.

Current Assets

With two exceptions, forecast current assets only lists the values of assets that can reliably be expected to be turned into cash during the normal course of trade.

The most important of these are cash itself, accounts receivable and stock / inventory. The two exceptions are asset finance interest in suspense and loan interest in suspense.

Current Liabilities

Unlike current assets, current liabilities are not restricted to those incurred in the acquisition of current assets. All debt including that for borrowings, such as the bank overdraft, financing the acquisition of both current and fixed assets or dividends declared and outstanding for payment are included.

How the Working Capital Forecast is Calculated

Current liabilities less current assets returns net current assets which in turn defines working capital. That represents liquidity which is the source of cash flow from core trading operations.

A Figurewizard forecast showing a working capital deficit must be avoided at all costs therefore. It would be signifying an imminent cash flow crisis meaning that you will have to reconsider projected overheads and / or expenditure on fixed assets. The ideal way to achieve this is by using our unique What-If Calculator.

Interest Suspense Account

Unforeseen events can affect the liability for loans such as bank overdrafts, making forecast interest liability unpredictable. For that reason interest for such loans is only charged to the accounts as and when it arises.

Forecast interest liabilities for fixed term loans that are subject to fixed rates can be accurately calculated though, in which case their liability should be disclosed in the balance sheet. This job is done by the interest suspense account.

Fixed interest payables are allocated as current assets in the balance sheet. That is then cancelled out by allocating it in turn to current liabilities (payable within 12 months) and long term liabilities (payable beyond 12 months). This discloses the potential value of forecast fixed term interest debt in the balance sheet while preserving the rule of not charging it.

Budgeting of Fixed Assets

Fixed asset purchases, their VAT, depreciation and financing are all budgeted. For example assets acquired at a cost of 6,000 in a given year are allocated by the system at £500 a month.

That means that depreciation will be charged on 500 in month 1, 1,000 in month 2, 1,500 in month 3 and so on. Financing and associated interest charges are allocated on the same basis. The sale of fixed assets are treated in the same way on a first in first out basis.

Forecast Short Term Liquidity

A more stringent measure of liquidity is the quick ratio; also known as the "acid test," which calculates short term liquidity by ignoring the value of stock / inventory.

Where this ratio is below 100% the business will be using borrowings to some degree to finance its trading. As the table above shows, the higher this ratio goes, the lower the need for borrowings becomes.

Balance Sheet Liquidity and the Solvency Ratio

Investment in fixed assets always comes at a cost to liquidity regardless of asset financing. Taken too far, excessive investment in fixed assets can also result in a threat to solvency.

This can be measured by the fixed assets to net worth ratio, one of the key solvency ratios. For example a company with fixed assets of 100,000 and a net worth of 150,000 has a ratio of 67%; well within the 75% acceptable benchmark.

A balance sheet forecast showing a fixed asset to net worth ratio above 100% will call for revising the acquisition and / or their financing.

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